Religious History

Holy Hatred: Christianity, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust by R. Michael

By R. Michael

Although Christianity's special impact at the Holocaust can't be made up our minds and the Christian church buildings didn't themselves perpetrate the ultimate answer, Michael argues that millennia of Christian principles and prejudices and their influence on Christians' behaviour seem to be the key foundation of antisemitism and it is apex, the Holocaust.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy by Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, Michael Whitby, Joseph Streeter

By Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, Michael Whitby, Joseph Streeter

This quantity brings jointly seven seminal papers by way of the nice radical historian Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, who died in 2000, on early Christian subject matters, with a distinct specialise in persecution and martyrdom. Christian martyrdom is a subject which inspires prepared photos of inhumane persecutors faced by way of Christian heroes who perish for the immediate yet win the long term conflict for acceptance. In 5 of those essays Ste. Croix scrutinizes the proof to bare the numerous position of Christians themselves, first as volunteer martyrs and later, after the triumph of Christianity within the early fourth century, as organizers of even more potent persecutions. A 6th essay pursues the query of the keep an eye on of Christianity via a entire research of the context for one of many Church's most vital and divisive doctrinal judgements, on the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451); the major position of the emperor and his senior secular officers is printed, opposite to the present interpretation of Church historians. eventually the attitudes of the early Church in the direction of estate and slavery are reviewed, to teach the divide among the Gospel message and genuine perform.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

First Converts: Rich Pagan Women and the Rhetoric of Mission by Shelly Matthews

By Shelly Matthews

It has frequently been acknowledged that wealthy pagan girls, even more so than males, have been attracted either to early Judaism and Christianity. This booklet presents a brand new examining of resources from which this truism springs, targeting texts from the flip of the 1st century, Josephus's Antiquities and Luke's Acts.

The publication experiences illustration, examining the repeated portrayal of wealthy ladies as helping and/or changing to early Judaism in its a variety of types. It additionally exhibits how those assets can be utilized in reconstructing women's historical past, hence attractive present feminist debates in regards to the courting of rhetorical presentation of girls in texts to ancient reality.

Because a lot of those texts communicate of high-standing women's conversion to Judaism and early Christianity, this ebook additionally engages within the present debate approximately no matter if early Judaism was once a missionary faith. the writer argues that targeting those tales of ladies converts and adherents, which were principally overlooked in past discussions of the missionary query, units the missionary query in a brand new, extra enough framework.

The first bankruptcy elucidates a narrative in Josephus's Antiquities of the mishaps of 2 Roman matrons dedicated to Isis and Jewish cults via contemplating the typical Hellenistic topos linking high-standing ladies, promiscuity, and spiritual impropriety. the rest chapters exhibit that during spite of this topos, Josephus, Luke, and different non secular apologists did inform tales of wealthy women's institutions with their groups for confident rhetorical influence. In so doing, the booklet demanding situations the frequent assumption that women's organization with "foreign" non secular cults used to be continually derided, questions scholarly arguments approximately private and non-private roles in antiquity, and invitations mirrored image on problems with venture and conversion in the better framework of Greco-Roman benefaction.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

A History of Medieval Islam by John Joseph Saunders

By John Joseph Saunders

Aren't the phrases "Medieval Islam" a redundancy? whilst has Islam ever now not been "Medieval"? for instance, so as to research the background of the "Dark Ages", you may examine eighth and ninth century Europe, otherwise you may examine any Arab nation this present day that is guided through Islamic rules.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

Eradicating the Devil’s Minions: Anabaptists and Witches in by Gary K. Waite

By Gary K. Waite

As a non secular sect, the Anabaptists have been visible to perform strange rituals and keep on with an eccentric set of ideals. One tale, for example, purports that an Anabaptist prophet, claiming to have visited heaven, persuaded his fans to run bare throughout the streets of Amsterdam. removing the Devil's Minions investigates those ideals within the context of Reformation Europe, a time during which persecution, non secular intolerance, and witch-hunting have been rampant.

Focusing totally on the Habsburg-controlled areas of Europe, Gary ok. Waite argues that the persecution of Anabaptists didn't move hand in hand with the outbreak of witch-hunts within the mid-sixteenth century. particularly, mistrust of Anabaptists predated the 1st significant witch panic of 1562-3, and Waite means that the virulent propaganda opposed to Anabaptist heretics helped persuade governments of the lifestyles of a diabolical chance. even though Anabaptists rejected non secular magic, they have been constantly demonized through Catholic and Lutheran polemicists.

Eradicating the Devil's Minions is an research into the roots of spiritual intolerance in Reformation Europe, and a different exam of mass hysteria and social extremism.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

Paradise Mislaid: How We Lost Heaven--and How We Can Regain by Jeffrey Burton Russell

By Jeffrey Burton Russell

The Christian suggestion of heaven flourished for nearly millennia, however it has misplaced a lot of its strength within the final hundred years. certainly this day even theologians are likely to keep away from the subject. yet heaven has consistently been a relevant guiding principle of the Christian religion, writes Jeffrey Burton Russell. If there's no heaven, no resurrection of the useless, the whole Christian tale is not sensible. during this stimulating publication, Russell units out to rehabilitate heaven by way of forcefully attacking a sequence of principles that experience made trust in heaven, let alone trust in God, more and more tough for contemporary humans. Russell presents based and persuasive refutations of arguments starting from the concept technological know-how has disproved the life of the supernatural, to the inspiration that biblical feedback has emptied the scripture of that means. alongside the way in which, as Russell appears to be like on the rules of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer, Mark Twain and Alfred Lord Tennyson, Marx and Freud, and a bunch of others, he sheds mild not just at the historical past of Christian inspiration, yet at the means of secularization within the West. one after the other, Russell refutes those anti-religious ideologies, pinpointing the deficiencies in their reasoning. in the course of the ebook, Russell invitations the reader, no matter what his or her ideals, to take the concept that of heaven heavily either as a worldview in itself and as one with huge, immense impression at the international. it's a ebook that might be welcomed via considering Christians, who usually suppose beleaguered via the forces of modernity and infrequently locate it demanding to protect their very own ideals.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

A Different God? Dionysos and Ancient Polytheism by Renate Schlesier

By Renate Schlesier

Within smooth frameworks of data and illustration, Dionysos frequently seems to be bizarre for old tradition, an exception in the context of old polytheism, or perhaps an example of a distinction that anticipates modernism. How can contemporary learn give a contribution to a extra detailed figuring out of the varied ameliorations of the traditional god, from Greek antiquity to the Roman Empire? during this quantity, that is the results of a global convention held in March 2009 on the Pergamon Museum Berlin, students from all branches of classical experiences, together with background of scholarship, give some thought to this query. hence, this ends up in a brand new glance on vase work, sanctuaries, rituals and religious-political associations like theatre, and comprises new readings of the texts of old poets, historians and philosophers, in addition to of papyri and inscriptions. it's the variety of assets or tools and the problem of former perspectives that's the power of this quantity, supplying a finished, cutting edge and richly faceted account of the several god in an exceptional way."

Show description

Read more
Religious History

Reformation and society in Guernsey by Darryl Mark Ogier

By Darryl Mark Ogier

The Channel Islands, located among France and England, have continually been uncovered to the impacts of either international locations, and feature resolved those in all likelihood conflicting pressures in designated and engaging methods. Dr Ogier's examine of occasions in Guernsey among 1540 and 1640 explores alterations which came about at the island as Catholicism used to be changed through Calvinism, imposed via a chain of commissions appointed by way of the English govt throughout the reign of Elizabeth. The adjustments in society which resulted are conscientiously charted, exhibiting how, because the previous Catholic types of social business enterprise have been changed by means of the disciplinarian process of the Calivinist regime — Protestant pastoral care exchanging the previous Catholic fraternities — the island's outdated elite contrived to keep keep an eye on, to their very own monetary virtue yet on the price of the lack of the Calvinist dream and the improvement of an more and more divided island society. Dr D.M. OGIERgained his Ph.D. on the college of Warwick.

Show description

Read more
Religious History

The Glory of the Crusades by Steve Weidenkopf

By Steve Weidenkopf

How can the Crusades be referred to as “glorious”? Our glossy mind-set says they have been gruesome wars of greed and spiritual intolerance—a significant the reason is, Christians and Muslims this day can’t coexist peacefully.

Historian Steve Weidenkopf demanding situations this bought narrative with the distinction of the Crusades. Drawing at the newest and so much actual medieval scholarship, he provides a compelling case for knowing the Crusades as they have been after they occurred: “armed pilgrimages” pushed through a holy zeal to get better conquered Christian lands. with no whitewashing their mess ups or even crimes, he debunks the various myths concerning the Crusades that our secular tradition makes use of as golf equipment to assault the Church.

In position of those myths he deals women and men of religion and valor who pledged their lives for the honour of Christ’s holy locations. With a storyteller’s reward, Weidenkopf relates the Crusades’ many dramas—their heroes and villains, battles and sieges, intrigues and coincidences—offering a vibrant and engrossing account of occasions that, although centuries outdated, have profoundly affected the process our global to the current day.

Show description

Read more