By Benny K. C. Lo
A center selection of varied state of the art innovations for the iteration, expression, optimization, and characterization of recombinant antibodies. without problems reproducible protocols for lead new release variety from the cloning of human immunoglobulin genes to the choice and iteration of human recombinant antibodies by way of humanization techniques, molecular show applied sciences and transgenic animals. tactics also are defined on restructuring antibody leads into monovalent, multivalent, and bispecific binding fragments for a wide selection of in vivo functions. state of the art applied sciences are defined for the characterization of antigen-binding affinity and specificity with novel functions in radioimmunotargeting, melanoma immunotherapy, drug abuse, and proteomics.
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Additional info for Antibody Engineering: Methods and Protocols
2. IMGT/LIGM-DB Interface and Data Distribution The IMGT/LIGM-DB Web interface allows searches according to immunogenetic-specific criteria, and is easy to use without any knowledge of a computing language. The interface allows the users to easily connect from any type of platform (PC, Macintosh, workstation) using freeware such as Netscape. All IMGT/LIGM-DB information is available through five search modules (Fig. 1): 1. Catalogue (accession number, mnemonic, EMBL first reception date, sequence length, definition, IMGT/LIGM-DB annotation level; 2.
3. One three-dimensional (3D) structure database: IMGT/3Dstructure-DB provides the IMGT gene and allele identification and Colliers de Perles of IG and TR with known 3D structures, created by LIGM, on the Web since November 2001 (12). In July 2003, IMGT/3Dstructure-DB contained 623 atomic coordinate files. In the following sections, we describe in more detail IMGT/LIGM-DB, which is the first and largest IMGT database. 1. IMGT/LIGM-DB Data IMGT/LIGM-DB sequence data are identified by the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ accession number.
The protein displays show translated sequences of the alleles (*01) of the functional or ORF genes (1,2,30,31). 4. Concept of Numerotation: the IMGT Unique Numbering A uniform numbering system for IG and TR sequences of all species has been established to facilitate sequence comparison and cross-referencing between experiments from different laboratories whatever the antigen receptor (IG or TR), the chain type, or the species (32,33,41). This numbering results from the analysis of more than 5,000 IG and TR variable region sequences of vertebrate species from fish to humans.