By J. Adámek, J. Rosický, E. M. Vitale, F. W. Lawvere

Algebraic theories, brought as an idea within the Nineteen Sixties, were a basic step in the direction of a express view of normal algebra. additionally, they've got proved very valuable in numerous components of arithmetic and computing device technological know-how. This conscientiously built booklet supplies a scientific creation to algebra in accordance with algebraic theories that's available to either graduate scholars and researchers. it is going to facilitate interactions of basic algebra, classification thought and computing device technology. A valuable notion is that of sifted colimits - that's, these commuting with finite items in units. The authors turn out the duality among algebraic different types and algebraic theories and talk about Morita equivalence among algebraic theories. in addition they pay precise awareness to one-sorted algebraic theories and the corresponding concrete algebraic different types over units, and to S-sorted algebraic theories, that are vital in application semantics. the ultimate bankruptcy is dedicated to finitary localizations of algebraic different types, a up to date examine sector.

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**Additional info for Algebraic Theories: A Categorical Introduction to General Algebra**

**Example text**

Is, binary products in Set commute with colimits over D). 1. 11). 2. Let J be the two-element set. Given diagrams D, D : D → Set, consider the functor D × D : D × D → Set, (d, d ) → Dd × D d . 11), the colimit of the diagram D × D is colim (Dd × D d ) D×D colim (colim (Dd × D d )) d∈D d ∈D colim Dd × colim D d . d∈D d ∈D 26 Chapter 2 Consider now the following commutative diagram of canonical maps: colim (Dd × D d) δ G (colim Dd) × (colim D d) D D y β G colim (D × D ) D = colim ((D × D ) · D ) D×D If is final, then β is an isomorphism, and therefore δ is also an isomorphism.

An H -algebra is a pair (A, a) where A is a set and a: H A → A is a function. A homomorphism from (A, a) to (B, b) is a function f : A → B such that the square Hf HA a A G HB G B b f commutes. The resulting category is denoted H -Alg. 1. 23, we will see that if H is finitary, then the category H -Alg is algebraic. 2. The special case of a polynomial endofunctor H leads to -algebras. Indeed, for every one-sorted signature , the category -Alg is precisely the category H -Alg: if (A, a) is a H -algebra, then the operations Sifted and filtered colimits 29 σ A: An → A are the domain restrictions of a to the summand An corresponding to σ ∈ n .

The fact that filtered colimits distribute with all products in Set goes back to Artin et al. (1972). 4 Algebraic categories as free completions In this chapter, we prove that every algebraic category has colimits. Moreover, the category Alg T is a free completion of T op under sifted colimits. This shows that algebraic categories can be characterized by their universal property: they are precisely the free sifted-colimit completions of small categories with finite coproducts. 12). 3), all we need to establish is the existence of finite coproducts.