Gerontology

Age Discrimination: An Historical and Contemporary Analysis by John Macnicol

By John Macnicol

Age discrimination is a hugely topical factor in all industrialized societies. established upon distinctive study, and adopting an interdisciplinary technique, this exact learn strains the historical past of the age discrimination debate in Britain and the U.S. because the Nineteen Thirties. It significantly analyzes the suggestions of ageism in social relatives and age discrimination in employment. Case-studies on generational fairness and future health care rationing by means of age are by means of an research of the British government's projects opposed to age discrimination in employment. The publication then strains the background of the controversy on healthiness prestige and outdated age.

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Should positive discrimination in favour of older people be banned in a truly ‘age-neutral’ society? There are, of course, numerous instances in Britain – bus passes, subsidised public transport, free medical prescriptions and eye tests, additional tax relief (via the ‘age allowance’), special insurance policies, reduced admission to events and exhibitions, discounts in shops, concessionary offers that target the ‘grey market’, and so on. The British welfare state is a complex balance of positive and negative age 99 100 101 102 See, for example, Palmore and Manton, ‘Ageism’.

Some social scientists have even tried to measure age inequality, as against gender 93 94 95 96 97 98 Rose Gilroy, Good Practice in Equal Opportunities (1993), p. 33. Butler, ‘Age-Ism’, p. 246. Quoted in Daniel P. O’Meara, Protecting the Growing Number of Older Workers: the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1989), p. 94. Susan Sontag, ‘The Double Standard of Aging’, in Carver and Liddiard, An Ageing Population, pp. 72–80. For an exploration, see Arber and Ginn, Connecting Gender. Shah Ebrahim, ‘Ethnic Elders’, British Medical Journal, vol.

Borus, Herbert S. Parnes, Steven H. ), The Older Worker (1988), pp. 133, 142. Elizabeth Drury, Age Discrimination Against Older Workers in the European Community (1993), p. 13. See, for example, European Union, Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000, article 2, clause 2 (a) and (b). 22 Age Discrimination modernise by dispensing with older workers and replacing them by laboursaving technology. By contrast, new industries have much more ‘youthful’ age profiles. The average age of a workforce is thus the result of many factors other than discrimination – raising the question of whether a truly ‘age balanced’ workforce can ever be achieved.

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