Gerontology

Active Ageing in the European Union: Policy Convergence and by K. Hamblin

By K. Hamblin

This publication explores the adoption of 'active growing older' guidelines by way of EU15 international locations and the influence on older peoples' paintings and retirement coverage recommendations. rules tested contain unemployment merits, energetic labour marketplace guidelines, partial pension receipt, pension ideas, early retirement and incentives for deferral.

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Additional info for Active Ageing in the European Union: Policy Convergence and Divergence

Sample text

2 has been compiled from prescriptions in the technical annex of the 2006 EC report Adequate and Sustainable Pensions. 2 Policy divergence: The macro-level Explanations have been presented for the recent resurgence in the concept of active ageing in the previous chapter, and the EU’s interpretation has been outlined above. However, though the EU has embraced active ageing and produced a number of recommended policy changes, it does not necessarily follow that all EU15 nations will adopt similar approaches.

A further important caveat is the importance of cohort membership as Bengtson et al. (2005) highlight in determining the roles women occupy vis-à-vis employment and care; younger generations may be less inclined and less expected to engage solely in unpaid care. As a result, there is considerable variation amongst older women in terms of their choice with regard to retirement. Indeed, those who entered the labour market in the 1960s (and were therefore born in the 1940s), work was still very much divided along gender lines and women often exited permanently with the arrival of children.

This document emphasised retirement as a constrained decision: “[o]ver the working lifetime, their risk of marginalisation and eventual exclusion from the labour market grows. In the end, older workers often find that early retirement is the only choice left to them” (ibid: 10). Yet at the same time, it suggests access to early exit routes, such as extended unemployment benefit durations, should be limited to “reduce the demand for and the access to early retirement schemes” (ibid: 13). Since 1999, active ageing has become a feature of EU/EC discourse yet definitions of measures that can be included under the umbrella of active ageing vary within policy documents.

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